(25% -Due March 26, 2015)
The objective of the paper is to explore your lived reality of social inequality using sociological theories and concepts from the course. You will use library sources (e.g., books and journal articles) to write an original piece of writing. While I discourage the use of websites in an academic paper, if you do use a website be selective and ensure the trustworthiness of the source. Whether or not you use website references, every essay must also contain library books and/or journal articles.
An example of a selected topic might include “Social Inequality in Canada –explaining what it means to be part of the 99%. This essay is set-up for you to discuss your personal experiences in terms of the sociological theories, concepts and themes presented in the course. For example you may want to examine your experiences of social inequality using sociological theories of class-looking at which theories best reflect your lived reality. You may want to examine how you conform or resist dominant relations of power that maintain social inequality.
Supplement your research with library books (secondary sources) and journal articles (primary research) to fully explore your topic. The important point is that you analyze your personal experience(s) of social inequality using a sociological lens. If you need help selecting a topic, come and see me to discuss options.
Format and Content
Essays must not exceed 5 double-spaced pages (12pt font) not including the bibliography or title page and must include a minimum of 5 scholarly references. Please note that references that are NOT scholarly sources and will NOT count in your bibliography as scholarly sources include the following:
• newspaper articles (i.e., The Toronto Star, The Toronto Sun, The Globe and Mail, The National Post, etc.)
• magazine articles (Maclean’s, Newsweek, The Economist, etc.)
• encyclopedia references (including Wikipedia)
• dictionary references (including Oxford Dictionary and other dictionaries)
• non-scholarly websites, blogs, etc.
APA formatting must be used. Refer to Ryerson library resources for information on citing (APA), evaluating web resources, and finding journal articles and books. OWL Purdue website https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ can also support you on APA citing. Your essay must be submitted in MS Word Format. Blackboard cannot read any document that is not in MS Word. Failure to submit your essay in MS Word format means that the professor will not be able to read and grade your paper. Please make sure that you follow these instructions. Your research essay must be named according to your last name_first name.doc. Please make sure that you name your research essay file as follows: Lastname_firstname.doc
Your research paper is worth 25% of your final grade and will be evaluated on a 25-point scale based on the following criteria:
1. Content: (10 points) clearly describe your life experiences and explain how they are linked to social inequality. Identify how who you are (race, socio-economic class, citizenship, gender, ethnicity, and other social difference) affects your life chances. Appropriate application of sociological perspectives, concepts and theories of inequality to makes sense of your life experience. Your analysis should break down or take apart your experiences using sociological theories, concepts and information from existing scholarly literature. Avoid relying too heavily on summarizing and/or describing your research sources, or simply describing a problem. You must engage the sources and critically apply them to your analysis of your experience(s) of inequality. Your analysis should address how and why inequality occurs
2. Clarity of the analysis: (5 points) focus, direction and logical organization and integration of ideas in a well-structured analysis. Does your paper have a thesis statement? Is it a thesis?
3. Structure and Organization: (5 points) paper should include the following components:
a. Introduction: clearly stating your thesis argument and the specified points you will be arguing in the paper. Your thesis statement should be obvious and located in your introduction.
b. Body of Paper: where you develop your argument with support from your reference sources.
c. Conclusion: links your main ideas together.
4. Proper referencing style and grammar: (5 points) The paper should not have more than one, maximum two direct quotes, with social science citations throughout. It is expected that your paper will have social science citations referencing the sources used throughout each paragraph of the paper. Both direct quotes and an author’s ideas must be referenced in your paper using social science citations. Social science citations are located as the end of the direct quote or an author’s idea. Social science citations are located inside brackets and include the author’s last name, the year of the publication, and the page number. For example, (Miles, 1989). APA is the preferred referencing style. An on-line style guide of how to use APA is available at the Purdue Online Writing Lab(Opens new window). All referencing citations must include the author’s name and the year of the publication. Your references in your bibliography must include the author’s name, the year of the publication, the exact and complete title of the article/book, the publisher’s name, the city of publication, and (in the case of a journal article or book chapter) page numbers.
5. Bibliographic References: The following are examples of proper bibliographic reference styles for books, edited collections, and journal articles.
a. Book Reference Example: Miles, Robert. (1989). Racism. London: Routledge.
b. Edited Collection Reference Example: Mitchell, Allyson & Karaian, Lara. (2005). Third Wave Feminisms. In Nancy Mandell (Ed.). Feminist Issues: Race, Class and Sexuality. Fourth Edition. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada Inc.
c. Journal Article Reference Example: MacKinnon, Catherine A. (1983). Feminism, Marxism, Method, and the State: Toward Feminist Jurisprudence. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 8(4):635-658.
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