You will gain an understanding of the evolution of correctional philosophies and the correctional system in the United States. The corrections process is a result of society responding to deviance. Responding to deviance has evolved in many ways around the globe. The United States has its own evolution of corrections. This LASA will explore the origin and evolution of prisons from the design of Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon (all-seeing) Prison to today’s modern prison systems and the prison privatization industry.
Any inquiry into the origin of prisons requires students to include an overview of the correctional eras in the United States, beginning with the origin of the Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia in 1790 and through the crime control era of today. It is necessary that you examine the organization of corrections and include the changes in the external society that led to the policy changes in corrections and correctional philosophy. You will assess the purpose, implementation, and effectiveness of corrections, including the major reasons for the movement toward prisonization starting in the 1960s and the evolution to today’s current corrections practices.
You recently completed a summer work-study program at the Centervale Corrections facility. This experience has confirmed your interest in pursuing corrections as a career, and you have started taking classes in corrections at Centervale University. As part of your introductory course you are to evaluate, compare, and contrast the historical origins of the correctional enterprise in the United States and the impact of correctional theories and punishment around the globe in a 1500-word, APA style paper (5–7 pages of content, not including the title page, abstract, references, and table of cases), using a minimum of 10 references and three United States Supreme Court cases dealing with prison conditions, prisoner rights, and access to medical treatment.
Chapter five, “Prison Systems,” of your textbook will give you some rudimentary information on the current types of prisons; you will supplement this with empirical research in order to fully explore modern prison systems and respond to the following:
Include an APA-formatted reference page that links back to your in-text citations and supports your recommendations. Remember, you cannot have only in-text citations or only references. You must have both because in-text citations and references link to each other.
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