In this assignment, you will study the tariffs and trade policies that your countries and regions have in place, and your regional trade agreements that may be relevant.
1. Definitions: Look at the WTO’s “jargon buster.” Go to: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tariffs_e/tari…
Write down the definitions for the following: applied rates, bound rates, Harmonized System, Most Favoured Nation tariff, tariff line.
2. Do some general research (ok to start by “Googling it.”) Get a general idea of the tariff situation of your country. Write one paragraph summarizing the tariff situation in your country.
3. Look up tariff revenue as a percentage of government revenues. Look in the IMF’s Government Finance Statistics. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/gfs/yearbook/2008/gfsy08.pdf. If your country isn’t included, look for an alternative reliable source.
4. Graphically inspect your country’s tariff levels in comparison to the rest of the world. Go to www.wto.org, (the website of the World Trade Organization). The specific link for maps is: http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/statis_m… .
Look at two maps. (1) Tariff binding coverage. (2) MFN tariffs, simple average, applied. Write briefly about what each of these maps tells you. (Comment on your country in relation to the rest of the world.)
Also look at the statistic for trade as a percentage of GDP here. Does it match the openness index that you calculated in the first country profile exercise? Comment.
For the next two points, use the WTO tariff profile for your country. (For European Countries use European Union (27).) http://stat.wto.org/TariffProfile/WSDBTariffPFHome… . Select your country.
5. First, make a histogram in Excel using the data in Part A.1. Use the “imports” line for both agricultural and non-agricultural products. Comment on what this histogram tells you.
6. Next, study Part A.2 Look at the MFN Applied Duties, averages. Which products are most and least protected. Find the three categories with the highest average applied tariffs and the three products with the lowest average applied tariffs. Look back at your first country profile project – do the high or low tariff categories correspond to your countries biggest categories of imports or exports?
7. Finally, look up at least one of your country’s regional trade agreements. What FTAs, Customs Unions, or other agreements does your country belong to? Choose one and look into the history (when did they join?), the reasoning (why was the union formed?), and the impact (how has the agreement affected the country’s economy and how is it perceived?)
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