The unique design utilized a wheel, much like that of a bicycle, that rotated on an axle which was propelled by a series of levers and pullies, which were moved along a rope pulled by the person rowing.
September 12, 2018
develop your own personal format for initial interviews of mental health clients. You also will explore the restrictions and limitations for practice as a PMHNP in your home state and create a plan for passing the national certification exam.
September 12, 2018

Which of these strategies are most effective and why? o Provide your recommendations for improvement or growth or to address concerns or unmet services. Base your suggestions on YOUR research, and what you learned in the class.

Community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction

Discussion Questions


Evaluate community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction. 

Select one of the following prevention programs.

Central San Diego County


Mid-City for Youth
Social Advocates for Youth (SAY)
4275 El Cajon Blvd, Suite 101
San Diego, CA 92105
Tel: (619) 283-9624
Fax: (619) 582-9057
North City Prevention Coalition
Social Advocates for Youth (SAY)
8755 Aero Dr, Suite 100
San Diego, CA 92123
Tel: (858) 565-4148 ext 205
Fax: (858) 565-4178



East San Diego County


East County Community Change Project
Institute for Public Strategies

131 Avocado Avenue
El Cajon, CA 92020
Tel: (619) 476-9100 x109
Fax: (619) 476-9104


North San Diego County


North Inland Community Prevention   Program (NICPP)
Mental Health Systems, Inc.
12344 Oak Knoll Road, Suite C-1
Poway, CA 92064
Tel: (858) 391-9303
Fax: (858) 391-9302

North Coastal Prevention   Collaborative
Vista Community Clinic
465 La Tortuga
Vista, CA 92081
Tel: (760) 407-1220 x7150
Fax: (760) 414-3736


South San Diego County


South Bay Community Change Project
Institute for Public Strategies
2615 Camino del Rio South, Ste. 300 Tel: (619) 476-9100, x127


County-Wide Services


Countywide Media Advocacy Project
Institute for   Public Strategies         2615 Camino del Rio South,   Suite 300

San Diego, CA 92108
Tel: (619) 476-9100, ext 307
Fax: (619) 476-9104

Methamphetamine Strike Force & Prescription Drug Task Force
Center for Community Research (CCR)

8885 Rio San Diego Drive, Suite 111
San Diego, CA 92108
Tel: (619) 684-5108
Fax: (619) 919-0027


Prevention Evaluation Project   Center for Community Research (CCR)
8885 Rio San Diego, Suite 111           San Diego, CA 92108
Tel: (619) 684-5108
Fax: (619) 919-0027
Responsible Hospitality Coalition
Institute for Public Strategies
2615 Camino del Rio South, Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92108
Tel: (858) 793-1585
Fax: (858) 793-1585
Prescription Drug Abuse Task Force   (PDTF)
Center for Community Research
8885 rio San Diego, Ste 111
San Diego, CA 92108
Tel: (760) 749-8792
Fax: (760) 749-9486

San Diego County Office of   Education
Friday Night Live (High School youth)
6401 Linda Vista Road
San Diego, CA 92111
Tel: (619) 777-6365
Fax: (619) 682-5252


Binge/Underage Drinking Initiative Alcohol Policy Panel
Institute for Public Strategies

2615 Camino del Rio South, Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92108
Tel: (619) 476-9100, x125

Marijuana Initiative Facilitation
Center for Community Research
8885 Rio San Deigo, Ste 111

San Diego, CA 92108

Tel: (619) 528-2235
Fax: (619) 528-2297



Use the following headings for your post: (See sample post – a separate document)


· The name of the program/organization

· Location (city/county)

· Distance from where you live

· Funding sources

· Is it a primary or secondary prevention program?

2. MISSION/GOALS – Describe in your own words their mission and goals


Use YOUR OWN WORDS to describe:

a. All of the programs it conducts.

b. What specific activities the programs conducts. Provide details and specifics.

c. Which of the following strategies do they use? (See Chapter 16 for more information)

o Teach peer-refusal skills, assertiveness skills, social skills, decision making skills?

o Teach stress reduction and anxiety management skills?

o Teach critical thinking about the influence of media and how to resist the power of advertising?

o Provide information about short-term effects of alcohol, tobacco and drugs?

o Offer alternative activities – e.g. after-school sports

o Provide mentoring? community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.

o Use role models?

o Provide incentives to change behavior?

o Offer family or social support?

o Consider cultural factors of different groups?

o Strive to change laws or regulations or policies in their community?

o Use media messaging such as ads, billboards or social media?

o Create environments that reduce drug-taking behavior by getting laws passed to prohibit smoking in restaurant patios or in multi-family dwellings? Or to prohibit drinking alcohol in parks, or other?

o Strive to reduce availability of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs by doing the following types of activities: getting local policy makers to restrict the # of alcohol licenses for new businesses, getting law enforcement to fine businesses who sell cigarettes to minors, getting laws passed to fine parents who allow underage drinking parties in their homes, or other? community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction

o Conduct drug-testing?

o Other?


o Which of these strategies are most effective and why?

o Provide your recommendations for improvement or growth or to address concerns or unmet services. Base your suggestions on YOUR research, and what you learned in the class.


· The program/organization website, brochures and reports will provide your information as well as the textbook.

· Do NOT use any quotations. Paraphrase (use your own words) to report the information and do not cut and paste from a report or article.

· Use at least THREE sources from the program/organization website and documents.

· Use at least ONE other source from peer-reviewed journals, government reports or textbooks. You can use the course textbook but it will not count as one of the two required sources.

· Use in-text citations. Write the source of your information at the end of the applicable sentences using APA 6th Edition format.

· List all your references (a TOTAL of FOUR) in APA 6th Edition format at the end of your post in a References list.


IMPORTANT: Do NOT submit your first draft. First, read what you wrote out loud. Check for:

– Missing words or letters

– Missing or misplaced periods, apostrophes, commas

– Incomplete sentences. community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.

– 2 or more sentences strung together that should be made into separate sentences

– Putting something is past tense that should be in present tense or vice versa

– Plural words that should be singular or singular words that should be plural

– Making the verb and subject match (plural or tense)

Discussion 4 sample



Social Advocates for Youth (SAY), is located in San Diego, CA approximately 30 minutes from my home. After reviewing their financial statements of 2015 and 2016, it seems like a lot of their income is generated through grants. The County of SD, First-5 SD, CA Department of Public Health, and more are listed under grants receivable. Alternatively, there are some programs in which they charge, because there is a Program Service Revenue portion of their Form 990 FYE16 (SAYSanDiego, 2016). They also have investment income. community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.

Many of their programs would be primary since there are programs for preschool and school readiness to prevent youth from using, as well as services for adults to be better role models for their children. This facility treats the child and the family. There are other programs within the organization which are secondary, but I will go over the primary programs. community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.



SAY involves the entire community to aid in preventing drug and alcohol abuse, and to be allotted all advantages possible regardless of disability or socioeconomic status. By recruiting the family and community in a child’s success, the community as a whole can grow advantageously, according to SAY.



Programs consist of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug prevention, behavioral therapy, community services for families, delinquency prevention, First-5 steps, preschools, and vacation programs for families.

Through after school events, and programs which utilize services from SD police department, UCSD department of Family Medicine and Public Health, and Training, Research, and Education for Driving Safety (TREDS), SAY allows for education of drugs and alcohol from outside services to inform the youth what outcomes can arise from substance abuse. There is also a youth group who has been involved with SAY, who are trained to speak to fellow peers regarding substance abuse. This can be utilized as community service hours, and the young children can become more comfortable with the material they are speaking about. This will give them courage through knowledge, to say no when asked to try a substance.

Another program known as Delinquency Prevention and Youth Development, aids families of youth which may have a higher rate of anger, and may be predestined through family history, and community stigma to move into the direction of substance abuse. They aid by providing individual and family counseling, and by teaching what positive choices are in group settings and one on one. Crisis intervention is also available if necessary to prevent the child from straying from the positive path due to uncontrollable circumstances. Stress reduction and anger management is assessed here, as well as providing group therapy sessions for parents, to help them guide their children together. A similar program is KEEP, which aids foster parents and children directly with stress and anger management. community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.

FLEX is a program which particularly works with young boys to make them better men. They take them on field trips, college campus visits, and prepares them for success in school, graduation, life skills, and improves their self-esteem.

CAT Plus, provides information regarding teen pregnancy and STDs. They provide skills for decision making, and confidence improvement.

The main goal is to make the family and community members, role models for the children. For this reason, SAY has programs for adults to better themselves as well as for youth development. They strive to make residential areas and housing smoke-free, and the Cinco De Mayo Con Orgullo Coalition, is a Latin-driven community program which is promoting drug-free communities, by informing and educating the community, and by strengthening the relationship between law enforcement and citizens. Other programs under SAY hold youth town hall meetings, and monitor important issues such as illegal marijuana dispensaries, and on-and-off sale liquor code compliance. There is even a sub-program of this program called the Meth Strike Force. community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.

In keeping with their mission, Extended Day is a program for children with hard working parents, where the children can stay and have assistance with homework, be involved in sports, arts and crafts, and education on self-esteem with skills to resist peer pressure.

Drug testing was not listed in any of the programs, but they may be required for some of the adult classes or secondary programs. community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.


Keeping the mind and body active at a young age can be most effective when attempting to keep children away from substance abuse. The more knowledge they have, the better they can rationalize a decision. If children can be educated at a young age, and also gain skills to move forward in life, drugs and alcohol abuse may not be as tempting. Treating the family as well as the child helps for mutual understanding and growth regarding the topic. I have not seen a lot of advertisement for this organization. It is not even a place that pops up on a Google search quickly, so advertisement should increase to reach more families. As a whole, their prevention methods seem well constructed and thought out, with percentages in every program explaining their success rate. Illegal dispensaries were closed due to the work the Central Region Prevention Coalition, which is positive (SAY, n.d.). community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.

I would like to see a FLEX for young girls to make them strong women as well, rather than just for boys. My only recommendation is to see if there are outreach programs that can be added which can help with career paths. Providing pathways for careers, may stimulate a goal to reach, to help keep the youth focused. I did not notice any incentives except for assistance and community service. Usually this is not enough of an incentive for children. Perhaps commitment to the program can be rewarded with a raffle drawing for family tickets to an amusement park or a family vacation at the end of every year. With incentives like these, the whole family can be excited to commit.

What I would also like to see is a prevention program in this organization which assists youth after injury. It has been stated throughout our discussions, that the opioid epidemic can sometimes stem from a childhood injury and prescription narcotics. There should be some implementation of this form of abuse education. This education should include the parents as well. The FDA is still attempting to find a way to treat children with extreme pain effectively, knowing that the introduction of opioids on a developing mind can have lasting effects (Califf, Woodcock, & Ostroff, 2016). community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.



Califf, R., Woodcock, J., & Ostroff, S. (2016). A Proactive Response to Prescription Opioid Abuse. New England Journal of Medicine374(15), 1480-1485.

SAYSanDiego. Program List – SAY San Retrieved 22 November 2017, from

SAYSanDiego. Form 990 FYE16. (2016). Retrieved 22 November 2017, from community-level interventions to prevent drug use, abuse and addiction.

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